Banquet

Banquet
   A feast provided for the entertainment of a company of guests (Esther 5; 7; 1 Pet. 4:3); such as was provided for our Lord by his friends in Bethany (Matt. 26:6; Mark 14:3; comp. John 12:2). These meals were in the days of Christ usually called "suppers," after the custom of the Romans, and were partaken of toward the close of the day. It was usual to send a second invitation (Matt. 22:3; Luke 14:17) to those who had been already invited. When the whole company was assembled, the master of the house shut the door with his own hands (Luke 13:25; Matt. 25:10).
   The guests were first refreshed with water and fragrant oil (Luke 7:38; Mark 7:4). A less frequent custom was that of supplying each guest with a robe to be worn during the feast (Eccles. 9:8; Rev. 3:4, 5; Matt. 22:11). At private banquets the master of the house presided; but on public occasions a "governor of the feast" was chosen (John 2:8). The guests were placed in order according to seniority (Gen. 43:33), or according to the rank they held (Prov. 25:6, 7; Matt. 23:6; Luke 14:7).
   As spoons and knives and forks are a modern invention, and were altogether unknown in the East, the hands alone were necessarily used, and were dipped in the dish, which was common to two of the guests (John 13:26). In the days of our Lord the guests reclined at table; but the ancient Israelites sat around low tables, cross-legged, like the modern Orientals. Guests were specially honoured when extra portions were set before them (Gen. 43:34), and when their cup was filled with wine till it ran over (Ps. 23:5). The hands of the guests were usually cleaned by being rubbed on bread, the crumbs of which fell to the ground, and were the portion for dogs (Matt. 15:27; Luke 16:21).
   At the time of the three annual festivals at Jerusalem family banquets were common. To these the "widow, and the fatherless, and the stranger" were welcome (Deut. 16:11). Sacrifices also included a banquet (Ex. 34:15; Judg. 16:23). Birthday banquets are mentioned (Gen. 40:20; Matt. 14:6). They were sometimes protracted, and attended with revelry and excess (Gen. 21:8; 29:22; 1 Sam. 25:2, 36; 2 Sam. 13:23). Portions were sometimes sent from the table to poorer friends (Neh. 8:10; Esther 9:19, 22). (See Meals.)

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • banquet — [ bɑ̃kɛ ] n. m. • déb. XIVe; it. banchetto « petit banc » sur lequel on s asseyait dans un banquet ♦ Repas d apparat où sont conviées de nombreuses personnes. Donner un banquet en l honneur de qqn. Banquet annuel d une association. Salle pour… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • banquet — Banquet, Coena, Concoenatio, Conuiuium, Symposium. Banquets, quand on convie l un l autre, Circumpotatio. Petit banquet et repeüe franche, ou l argent que bailloient les riches Romains à ceux qui au matin à leur lever leur venoient faire la cour …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • banquet — Banquet. s. m. Ce mot n est guere en usage, neantmoins dans les choses sacrées, & dans les ceremonies, il est meilleur que festin. Banquet des Elûs. banquet de l Agneau. le sacré banquet, pour dire, La sainte Communion. On dit aussi, Le banquet… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • banquet — BANQUET. sub. m. Festin, repas magnifique. Banquet somptueux. Assister à un banquet. [b]f♛/b] On appelle Le banquet des sept Sages, Le repas où on dit que se trouvèrent les sept Sages de la Grèce. Et en Poésie on dit, Le banquet des Dieux, pour… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • banquet — [baŋ′kwət] n. [LME banket < MFr banquet < OIt banchetto, dim. of banca: see BANK1] 1. an elaborate meal; feast 2. a formal dinner for many people, usually with toasts and speeches vt. to honor with a banquet vi. to dine at a banquet …   English World dictionary

  • Banquet — Ban quet, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Banqueted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Banqueting}.] To treat with a banquet or sumptuous entertainment of food; to feast. [1913 Webster] Just in time to banquet The illustrious company assembled there. Coleridge. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Banquet — Ban quet, v. i. 1. To regale one s self with good eating and drinking; to feast. [1913 Webster] Were it a draught for Juno when she banquets, I would not taste thy treasonous offer. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. To partake of a dessert after a feast …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Banquet — Ban quet, n. [F., a feast, prop. a dim. of banc bench; cf. It. banchetto, dim. of banco a bench, counter. See {Bank} a bench, and cf. {Banquette}.] 1. A feast; a sumptuous entertainment of eating and drinking; often, a complimentary or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • banquet — BANQUET: La plus franche des cordialité ne cesse d y régner. On en emporte le meilleur souvenir et on ne se sépare jamais sans s être donné rendez vous pour l année prochaine. Un farceur doit dire : «Au banquet de la vie, infortuné convive…», etc …   Dictionnaire des idées reçues

  • Banquet — C est dans le Sud Ouest que le nom a toujours été le plus répandu, en particulier dans le Tarn et en Aquitaine. Il devrait s agir d un toponyme (plusieurs hameaux s appellent Le Banquet), diminutif de banc , sans doute avec le sens de bande de… …   Noms de famille

  • banquet — (n.) late 15c., feast, sumptuous entertainment, from Fr. banquet (15c.; in O.Fr. only small bench ), from O.It. banchetto, dim. of banco bench; originally a snack eaten on a bench (rather than at table), hence a slight repast between meals; the… …   Etymology dictionary

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